Title : Molecular Insights into the Microtubules Depolymerizing Activity of the IL-8 Receptor B Antagonist SB225002
OBJECTIVE: We have previously reported the novel off-target microtubules destabilizing activity of SB225002, a compound that was originally designed as a selective and potent IL-8 receptor B antagonist. In the present study we investigated the reversibility of SB225002 antimitotic effect and provided additional mechanistic insights underlying cell death induction in SW480 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mitotically arrested cells by SB225002 treatment were isolated by shake-off, and their identity was verified by both flow cytometry and immunoblotting. The reversibility of SB225002 antimitotic effects was investigated by flow cytometry and immunoblotting. Prometaphase arrested cells were imaged via indirect immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy. Activation of CHK1 in mitotically arrested cells was assessed by immunoblotting, and the relationship between CHK1 and mitotic arrest was examined via siRNA- mediated knockdown of CHK1. JNK signaling was evaluated via immunoblotting as well as pharmacological inhibition followed by flow cytometry. The role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cytotoxicity was evaluated by ROS scavenging and flow cytometry.
RESULTS: Following SB225002 washout, the mitotic checkpoint was abrogated, and cell cycle perturbations were gradually restored with induction of cell death. Mechanistically, CHK1 checkpoint was activated by SB225002 and occurred downstream of the mitotic checkpoint. In addition, SB225002 activated JNK signaling which contributed to cell death and restrained polyploidy. Furthermore, SB225002 increased intracellular ROS which played a role in mediating SB225002 cytotoxicity.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings of the present study warrants further development of SB225002 as a lead compound that uniquely targets microtubules dynamics and IL-8 signaling.