Title : Evaluation of phytochemical constituents in Ethyl acetate and butanol fractions of periploca aphylla decne
Plants have been utilized for the cure of different diseases since ancient times. Medicinal importance of the plants is due to presence of phytochemicals having specific physiological action on the human body. A wide variety of activities have been found in these phytochemicals which might help in preventing chronic disorders. Periploca aphylla Decne. belongs to the family Asclepiadoideae, is traditionally used for the cure of cerebral fever and as stomachic. Objectives: In this study, phytochemical constituents of ethyl acetate and butanol fractions of crude methanolic extract of P. aphylla were investigated. Methodology: Qualitative determination of Phytochemical constituents (tannins, saponins, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, coumarins, phlobatanins and anthraquinones) in the extracts was performed using standard procedures. Results: The phytochemical analysis of ethyl acetate and butanol fractions of P. aphylla crude methanol extract confirmed the existence of tannins, saponins, alkaloids, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides and terpenoids. However coumarins, phlobatanins and anthraquinones were absent in both extracts. Conclusion: It is evident from the above results that P. aphylla is a rich reservoir of phytochemical compounds which contributes to its various ethnomedicinal uses.